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Bayer's GE Crop Herbicide, Glufosinate, Causes Brain Damage

GM WATCH daily
http://www.gmwatch.org
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The glufosinate herbicide, used in large quantities on Bayer's GM
herbicide-resistant crops, has been found to have adverse effects on the
brain.
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http://www.japantimes.co.jp/cgi-bin/getarticle.pl5?nn20041207f1.htm
The Japan Times, 7 December 2004
By YUMI WIJERS-HASEGAWA, Staff writer

Yoichiro Kuroda, the principal investigator in a project titled the Effects
of Endocrine Disrupters on the Developing Brain, under the government's
CREST (Core Research for Evolutional Science and Technology) program,
believes polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and glufosinate can hamper the
development and activity of the brain.

PCBs are "mock hormones" -- endocrine disrupters that cause neural
development defects by disrupting gene functions and neural-network
formation in kids -- resulting in lower IQ scores and hyperactive
tendencies, he said.

Glufosinate, widely used in the U.S. as a super herbicide for
herbicide-resistant genetically modified crops, is like a "mock
neurotransmitter" that has an aggressive effect on brains, he said.

If an embryo or a baby is exposed to the chemical, it can affect behavior,
as it disturbs gene functions that regulate the developing brain, he said.

A decade ago, the late Toshiko Fujii, a one-time professor of medicine at
Teikyo University, conducted research in which she found that the main
component of this GMO-compatible herbicide had adverse effects on the brains
of baby rats.

"Male rats often fight one another, but female rats are peaceful," Kuroda
said in explaining Fujii's research.

"But female rats born from mothers that were given high doses of glufosinate
became aggressive and started to bite each other -- in some cases until one
died. That report sent a chill through me."

He said there is a considerable possibility that fetuses and babies are also
affected by the substance, and since it is widely assumed that males are
more aggressive to begin with, it is possible they are more affected than
females.

"The chemical industry has not been considering this kind of risk on the
developing human brain,
which is a fragile, fine chemical machine," he said.

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This GMO news service is underwritten by a generous grant from the Newman's
Own Foundation and is a production of the Ecological Farming Association
www.eco-farm.org <http://www.eco-farm.org/>
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