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Mad Cow Disease / Mad Deer Disease
(Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy, Chronic Wasting Disease)

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Archives 1996-2001


2001-02 Archives - Archives 2000

Mad Deer site - http://www.maddeer.org
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Articles reviewed/commented upon by Michael Greger, MD
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Highlighted Articles Top
2002
Glossary Top
  • Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathy (TSE): A family of progressive, incurable, fatal diseases caused by prions. Characterized by dementia, and holes in the brain on autopsy. Can be transmitted between mammals when one mammal eats parts of the nervous system (e.g., brain, spinal cord) of another mammal.
  • Prion: Prion: (pronounced pree-on) Novel infectious agent common to these diseases. Not a virus or bacterium, but an infectious protein which can set off a chain reaction which destroys nerve cells. They cannot be inactivated by most sterilization methods.
  • Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE): The technical name for Mad Cow Disease - the TSE found in cattle. The form of BSE found in European cattle is probably not the same as that in US cattle.
  • Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (CJD): A human TSE. The classic form of CJD appears to arise spontaneously, but the so-called "new variant" of CJD (nvCJD) is now known to be the human equivalent of mad cow disease thought to be contracted by eating contaminated beef.
  • Kuru: Another human TSE, found in Pacific Islanders who ate human brains.
  • Scrapie: The TSE found in sheep. The probable source of all other animal TSEs.
  • Downer cow: US industry term for an animal who falls down and dies without an apparent disease. Some people speculate that some US downer cows have a form of BSE with different symptoms from the British form of BSE.


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Michael Greger, MD, is a graduate of the Cornell University School of
Agriculture and the Tufts University School of Medicine. Dr. Greger
has been speaking publically about mad cow disease since 1993. He
debated National Cattlemen's Beef Association Director Gary Weber
before the FDA and was invited as an expert witness at the Oprah
Winfrey trial. He has contributed to many books and articles on the
subject and continues to lecture extensively. Dr. Greger can be
contacted at 857-928-2778, or by email, mhg1@cornell.edu and
and his website is www.veganMD.org
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