Scientists from Indian Institute of Soil Science, Bhopal, and Indian Institute of Agricultural Research, New Delhi, both part of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), have been studying the effects of climate factors and use of insecticides on the ability of soil to consume methane. Their study reveals one of the harmful effects of the insecticide- Chlorpyrifos, and a way to tackle the issue.
Chlorpyrifos is a common pesticide used to control pests, like insects and worms. It has been used in agriculture, residential and commercial settings, being extensively used in cotton cultivation. As the planet continues warming due to climate change; pest infestation is also set to increase, according to earlier studies. With the increased infestation, the use of insecticides also increases, leading to deteriorated soil conditions. As safe alternatives to tackle an infestation still remains a challenge, indiscriminate use of pesticides are starting to take a toll on agricultural farms and biodiversity around the globe.