Egypt's dependency on food imports meant it was hit hard by the war in Ukraine. However, efforts to ramp up national food production are under threat from climate change and intensive farming practices. Crop yields are predicted to decline by over 10 percent within the next 30 years.
Small family farms, which produce nearly half the country's crops, are particularly vulnerable as they lack the resources, information and training needed to adapt. Despite their critical role in feeding the world, small scale producers received just 1.7% of total global climate finance in 2018 – only $10 billion compared to the $240bn per year they need to adapt.
More diverse, low input farming – such as agroecological approaches – which are more sustainable and help build resilience to climate change are also underfunded. Much of the $611 billion spent subsidising food production every year, is used to support industrial farming that is harmful to people and the environment.